Seasonal Variations: Severe Winters & Wet Summers
An assessment of 62 severe winters from 1700 to 1990 in the British Isles using the Sidereal Zodiac (Fagan) and the Sun Ingress into Capricorn (Capsolar).
I gathered this data from an article in "Weather" Magazine Vol.46 No.2, "An apparent relationship between the timing of Lunar Phase and Severe Winters" (Graham) who used the Central England Temperature [CET] index, which is the longest kept temperature record in the world.
The eventual severe winter total was 62, which I then divided into 3 sections; the 6 most
severest with the 3 month mean winter season (January, February and March)
temperature below 1° celsius; 21 severe winters between 1°c and 2°c, and 25 severe
winters between 2°c and 3°c, those below 3 degrees were left out but included in the
overall total. I then proceeded to analyse these in the sidereal capsolar or the Sun's
ingress into Capricorn.
I will go through each section in turn using the traditional astrological methods, first, the
table below shows the Element totals:
|Planet||Fire ||Earth||Air ||Water|
(Element average mean 15/total average mean 93)
(Obviously the planets Sun, Mercury and Venus would show a bias for the earth/fire
element so these were excluded from the data)
The average count for each element is 15 and we can see that the Moon has the highest
score of 23 in earth with earth itself showing the highest element score of 108 where the
average should be 93.
Nothing too dramatic in that but the tendency for planets to be in an earth sign is
indicated, also note that the air element is 10 below the average.
In astrometerology the earth and air elements are associated with cold/cool conditions
but one can see that air has the lowest overall score so perhaps we shouldn't lay to much
emphasis on elemental balances, anyway air is much more conducive to air circulation or
windspeed, but the Moon in earth hints at something positive.
We now need to look at the individual scores for each planet in the sidereal signs these
are laid out below:
Planets in Signs (Sidereal) - 62 winters mean temperature range 3.0° C to – 0.4° C., winters which include the months
(Sign average mean 5 - total average mean 31)
Now we can see in more detail the planetary sorting in each sign.
Astrometeorology classifies the coldest signs as Capricorn (earth), Aquarius (air) and to
a lesser extent Virgo (earth) equally the warmest signs are Aries, Leo and to a lesser
extent Sagittarius these are all fire signs, the water signs, Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces
could simply be correlated as moisture indicators and therefore may be seen as neutral
indicators, but care must be taken in not connecting to literally the element correlation to
actual weather, but as we shall see in the rainfall section, waters signs do indeed have a
connection to wetter conditions.
Table two shows that Capricorn and Virgo (cold/earth signs) have the highest totals with
the Moon having the highest individual planetary score. Another factor worth noting is
that Mars (Heat) has 11 in Aquarius and 0 (zero) in Leo, this is rather interesting as Leo
is defined as being a heat giving sign whilst Aquarius is the opposite, a cooling influence.
Mars placement in Aquarius may in fact reduce the heat by being deposited by Uranus or
Cold signs Hot signs
Capricorn/Earth = Saturn Aries/Fire = Mars
Aquarius/Air = Uranus/Saturn Leo/Fire = Sun
Virgo/Earth = Mercury Sagittarius/Fire = Jupiter
Now if we select our temperature data and divide the results into two main temperature
ranges we get two more tables (table 3 and 4), one showing 21 severe winters where the
winter mean is between 2.0°c. and 1.0°c. and the other showing 25 slightly less severe
winters with a mean between 2.0°c and 3.0° c..
Planets in Signs (Sidereal) - 21 winters mean temperature range 2.0° c to 1.0° c.
(Sign average mean 2 - total average mean 10.5)
Planets in Signs (Sidereal) - 25 winters mean temperature range 3.0° c to 2.0° c.
(Sign average mean 2 - total average mean 12.5)
Table 3 (2.0°c to 1.0°c) shows that Capricorn has the highest total, which we have
defined as being the coldest sign in astrometeorology.
Table 4 (3.0°c to 2.0°c) shows a clear Virgo total, which is a cold sign but not as cold as
Capricorn or Aquarius, Aquarius does not figure in our severe winters!.
So we are seeing that the colder the winters the more likely the coldest signs will figure
into the planetary distribution, that is, the more planets there are in Capricorn or Virgo
the colder things become. Of course we are only showing the overall result via signs
(sidereal) which in themselves do not prove much at all, except perhaps a general feel
towards some sort of sign exceptance. By the way, the ascendant and meridian sign
placements do not show any signifcant bias to any particular sign.
The next step to take is the planetary house placements. Table 5 shows a summary of
each planet in modal distribution.
|MODE|| || |
| || Ang.|| Suc.|| Cad.|
Mode average mean: 21 (Total Average: 207)
The angular totals (1st, 4th, 7th and 10th houses) show a clear above average reading,
20 points above, with the cadent (3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th) houses 24 points below
Table 5 above shows the Mode (Cardinal/Succedent/Cadent) of each planetary body in
relation to the houses, which in this analysis uses the Placidus house system,
experimenting with other house systems show similiar and sometimes better results
towards cardinality. Analysing the same data in the Tropical Zodiac did not produce any
clear cut results in fact I found nothing at all to deter me from the sidereal approach. In
Vedic astrology they use the full house method in which the ascendant (Lagna in Vedic)
is seen as the cusp of the 1st house e.g., Leo 12° would in turn become 0° of the
ascendant with the second house having 0° Virgo and so forth. I found that using the
Lahari Ayanamsha (the official Ayanamsha of India) incorporated with the Vedic house
method did not produce such statisticaly strong evidence in temperature values, this does
not of course devalue the ancient vedic traditional methods of weather prediction as
more research is surely needed in this intermingling of eastern and western systems.
The full house positional table is shown below:
| 1st|| 2nd|| 3rd|| 4th|| 5th|| 6th|| 7th|| 8th|| 9th||10th||11th||12th|
(Individual house average mean=5 Total mean=52)
As one can see the Moon and Saturn figure strongly in the 10th house sector, Saturn is
always associated with long periods of cold and dry weather, which are intimately linked
with blocking anticyclones which in winter can produce extremely cold conditions which
can last for several weeks. Neptune is also very strongly emphasised in the cardinal
houses which is interesting, as Neptune the cool still planet, also has an association with
anticyclonic weather and what is referred to as "anticyclonic gloom", this in the winter
season produces gloomy sometimes foggy (another Neptunian trait) weather in the
British Isles, therefore, it seems that both these outer slower moving planets give the
needed ingredients for long cold winters. This is, to a certain extent, borne out when we
come to look at the planetary cycles of these two planets.
One may ask why the importance of cardinal/angularity, well the angles are critically
important as sensitive points, any planet aspecting or in the angular section of a chart
inserts its influence more strongly than in any other portion of the horoscope, or one
could say, the angles trigger the particular planet it comes into contact with.
Sun = 41 North 21 South
Moon = 32 North 30 South
Mars = 36 North 26 South
Jupiter = 34 North 28 South
Saturn = 30 North 32 South
Uranus = 32 North 30 South
Neptune = 31 North 31 South
Pluto = 32 North 30 South
Total = 268 North 228 South
The hemispheric pattern shows that the Sun has a 66% distribution in the northern
hemisphere (below the horizon) nearly two thirds more than in the southern hemisphere,
but this also true of exceptionally warm winters which also show the Sun having a
northern hemispheric bias, therefore hemispheric distribution should not be used in
seasonal, in this case winter, forcasting.
I will deal briefly with the aspects since these are global in extent so therefore can only give
a general emphasis on conditions, except when thay contact the angles.
Looking at the aspects for the 62 winters and using an orb of 4° in the 8th harmonic
series we find:
Both Sun and Moon have contacts to Saturn (Capricorn) which is the coldest planet in
astrometerology, this contact denotes a lowering of temperature for the season ahead.
Venus with the MC is more importants as it touches an angle, astrometeorogically Venus
is a cool planet.
The so-called "soft" aspects (sextile and trine) show no positive results.
When using the 64th harmonic (which can be seen as a pure physical aspect
[8+8+8+8+8+8+8+8=64] sometimes refered to as the "I Ching" aspect, and connected
with the 64 hexagrams used in chinese divination), in the whole 62 severe winters the
contacts are as follows, using an orb of 1°:
Neptune= 28 to 10° Leo connected to UK 1801 chart.
Saturn, Uranus and Venus are all cold or cool with each having some interaction with the
Severest Winters on record
We will now move onto the 6 severest winters on record which range from
0.8°c to -0.4°c on the Central England Temperature index.
Here are the 6 severest winters on our Central England Temperature (CET) index
with the positions of the Moon and Uranus.
|Year (Dec)||Temp||deg.|| Moon||deg.||N. Node||deg.||Uranus|
We can see that the Moon predominates in Virgo (a cold sign) and Uranus is especially
interesting as we can see a cycle of 84 years from the winter of 1794, this corresponds to
exactly with Uranus' own 84 year cycle.
1794 to 1878 (84 years) 1878 to 1962 (84 years).
The intervening severe winter of 1813 closely matches half the Uranus cycle of 42 years.
After computing these various cycles pertaining to the Uranus synop I am of the opinion
that there is something working here but not all 42, 21 or the lesser cycle of 11 years
click into place in regards to severe winters though some do. It seems that other
harmonic resonance's (planetary cycles) are working in conjunction with this Uranus
cycle, which add to an overall complex rhythmic pattern.
Further notes regarding the 6 severest winters:
Uranus in Cardinal houses = total 3
Neptune in Cardinal houses = total 5
Jupiter in Cardinal houses = total 4
Bias in the Cardinal mode is towards the 4th and 10th axis.
The Saturn - Neptune cycle of 36 years
I came across an interesting letter in Weather magazine (December Vol. 52) which
mentioned (briefly) "Winters with at least one month with an average temperature 34 F
(1.1 c) to occur approximately 12 and 18 year intervals…combining to produce a more
reliable incidence about every 36 years".
36 is a very important number as it is a vital number on the Platonic year which Plato
expressed as 36,000, there a various ways of expressing this number but 36 has been
found to correlate with many cycles occurring at intervals of 3.5 years (36 divided by
10), 9 years (36 divided by 4) or 18 years (39 divided by 2). These cycles measured by
the Foundation for the Study of Cycles in America range from cotton prices to lynx
abundance to Presbyterian Church membership.
Taking our fixed date for 1963 one of the severest winters on record we find the 36 year
sequence as follows:
36  year sequence equals actual severe winters. Brackets equal number of years from
actual 36/18 year sequence, the -90- includes the Saturn - Neptune relationship:
|1963 Base ||(0)1963 -90- |
| ||(2)1947 |
|1927 ||(2)1929 |
| ||(2)1907 |
|1891 *** ||(0) 1891 -90-|
| ||(2)1871 |
|1855 *** ||(0)1855 -90-|
| ||(1)1838 |
|1819 ||(1)1820 -90-|
| ||(1)1800 -90-|
|1783 ||(1)1784 -90-|
| ||(1)1766 -90-|
|1747 ||(1)1746 -90-|
| *** ||(0)1729|
|1711 ||(2)1709 |
Aspects between Saturn and Neptune are within 8d orb. and we find that there are 8
severe winters which fall with the planetary cycle itself.
So for instance, the 1819 winter in our sequence falls 1 year (1) from the severe winter
of 1820 which coincides with the Saturn and Neptune square. We can see that the
sequence parallels the severe winters, not perfectly, but never more than 2 years
Wet Summers since 1697 in the UK
I investigated wet summers where the average rainfall exceeded 140%, the years of wet
summers are shown below (after Lamb).
18th c.19th c.20th c.
1715 1817 1912
1729 1828 1917
1758 1829 1927
1763 1839 1931
1768 1848 1946
1775 1852 1956
1797 1860 1958
1872 1879 1882
The total of 24 wet summers were subjected to the last sidereal cardinal ingress, this is
the Cansolar (Cancer) ingress which corresponds to the summer season.
Planetary distribution - Cardinal - Placidus house system
|Planet||1st || 7th || 10th || 4th || Total |
|Sun ||4||3|| 1 || 4 || 12 ||
|Moon||3|| 3 || 0 || 2 || 8 |
|Mercury||3|| 3 || 2 || 0 || 8 |
|Venus||4|| 1 || 1 || 1 || 7 |
|Mars||3|| 3 || 2 || 1 || 9 |
|Jupiter||2|| 2 || 2 || 2 || 8 |
|Saturn ||2|| 1 || 2 || 3 || 8 |
|Uranus||3|| 2 || 1 || 1 || 7 |
|Neptune ||5|| 1 || 8 || 3 || 17 |
|Pluto ||2|| 1 || 2 || 0 || 5 |
|Cardinal Total || 31 || 20 || 21 || 17 |
We can see that Neptune is way above the other planets in the cardinal house
distribution. Looking at other house systems yields even better results for Neptune, in
fact using the Meridian and Morinus we find that Neptune is in the cardinal sector (or
angular) in all of our 24 summers a 100% per total.
Neptune is the moisture giving planet, not particularily wet as in Venus and Jupiter, but
being a slow mover the overall conditions are for prolonged periods of wet weather.
Neptune also featured strongly in our severe winter study (above) which hints at
anticyclonic "blocking" but this time the blocking situation brings in, and allows, the
predominance of westerly winds with its string of weather systems (depressions) in from
the Atlantic which as we know leads to unsettled weather, of course Neptune doesn't
work by itself and needs the cooperation of other planetary bodies. we need therefore to
see the other planetary connections via their aspects.
Analysing the aspects between the planets and also the midpoint structures, I found that
Mars and the Moon (both wet planets) had 9 contacts to each other in the 8th harmonic
series of aspects (orb 4°), whilst in the midpoints there were 7 SU/NE (water)=AS
contacts using an orb of 2 degrees. In the 4th harmonic series (0/90/180) and using a
wider orb of 8 degrees we find that Venus/Saturn have a total of 10 contacts.
Both vedic and western astrometeorology indicate that these two planets, Venus and
Saturn, when in a hard combination denote heavy precipitation, which with the
Neptunian (block) influence, lead to unbroken patterns of westerlies and rain.
In the 64th harmonic distribution of our 24 wet summers we find:
Moon and Neptune = 15 totals
Therefore we have Neptune productive on the angles working with the Moon, plus the
other wet planet Mars working again with the Moon and not forgetting the Venus/Saturn
contribution, what a wonderful ingredient for producing some of the wettest summers on
© Carl A Matthews 1998